of Dutch Rule
the Dutch intensified their colonial rule. But this
only sparked widespread revolts to seize freedom.
These revolts, however, were suppressed one after
the other. To mention only a few: Thomas Matulessy,
alias Pattimura, staged a revolt against the Dutch
in the Moluccas (1816-1818). Prince Diponegoro of
Mataram led the Java War from 1825 until 1830. Again,
it was fierce struggle for freedom. Tuanku Imam Bonjol
led the Padri War in West Sumatra, while Teuku Umar
headed the Aceh War in North Sumatra (1 873-1903).
King Sisingamangaraja of the Bataks revolved against
the Dutch in 1907. An attempt by the Dutch troops
to occupy Bali in 1908 was repelled by King Udayana.
Revolts were also staged in Goa, South Sulawesi, and
in South Kalimantan.