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Culture

Batik
Paintings
Wayang
Bullrace
Dance
Mask

Batik

Batik is two-dimensional decorative art on cloth. This hand-made textile art uses wax to draw pattern in the beginning. Fluid of melting wax is painted on the cloth
to cover parts that will resist the dye. Batik primarily is used as kebaya and sarung (women and men underskirt). Nowadays its function varies like used as shirt,
accessories such as woman's handbags, scarfs even as decorative icons such tablecloths, paintings and lampshades.

The center of batik crafts sits in Central Java Tengah in the cities of Solo, Pekalongan and Yogyakarta, although in other area like Lasem and Cirebon batik can also be found.

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Paintings

The Indonesian painter who has able to gain international reputation is realist Raden Saleh that lived in the 19th century. And 20th century painter who could reach the same achievement is Affandi.

Traditional painting flourishes in Klungkung, Bali in the form of cloth paintings.
Then in the thirty, two European painters Walter Spies (Germany) and Rudolf Bonnet (Dutch) came to Bali bringing the influence of European style and concepts of art.
Since then Balinese Paintings far more widely developed in theme and style.

Painting above is one of Spies' painting called Morning in Iseh, which render a beautiful morning landscape in Iseh. Romantic-decorative shapes show us the influence of Balinese traditional art of painting, and the influence of European art can be seen on the existence of perspective.

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Wayang

Wayang is a form of traditional Javanese theatrical performance. Known as world of shadows, wayang which refers to wayang kulit, is a theater performed by a dalang/puppeteer with plays puppets behind a wide white screen illuminated by an oil lamp. The shadows of puppets on the screen caused by flickering lamp
create lively atmosphere for the performance.

Puppets played (called wayang,too) are made from cows or goats skin which is carved and painted.

Wayang kulit is performed in the important ceremonies which mark a stepping stone in one's life such as wedding or selamatan. The plays performed are stories from Mahabarata and Ramayana. Wayang itself keeps so much philosphy from all aspects of life of Javanese society

Other kinds of wayang are wayang golek ; wayang in three-dimensional shape, wayang orang which performed by people and wayang topeng peformed by poeple with masks.

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Bullrace
(Kerapan Sapi)

Madura Island lies in the northeast directions of Java. Due to its hard geographical conditions, Madura Island has one unique tradition, Kerapan Sapi. Kerapan Sapi or Bullrace is a blend of traditional art and sport.

This race is held between two pairs of human-driven bulls which then will make a kind of drag-race in a 120 meters race track. During a week race celebration,
traditional games and fair are held there, too

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Dance

Almost every part of Indonesia has traditional dancing. The number of dancing types is known more than 200. Its functions diverse from performance in the palace, for pay homage to God, entertainment, ritual ceremonies to dance for the death in funeral ceremonies.

Gesture of Javanese dancing is generally slow and calm, emphasizing graceful movement. In Central Java, dance firstly was a sacred part of palace life, where dance was only performed for the king. Javanese Dance can still be found at performance in the kraton (palace) Yogyakarta.

Whereas in Bali island dance movements tend to be jerk and faster, stress expressive nature. Dance is functioning in a wider sense and touch every pore of society's life. The most well-known Balinese dancing is Legong Dance, which usually
performed by Balinese girls (picture above).

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Mask

Mask is a ethnic art which is previously used in the ritual as camouflage between ordinary poeple who face spritual world (world between heaven and earth).
Its use continues for performance with still keep the magical and mystical value.
Mask spreads widely in Indonesia. Masks shown here is example of Javanese mask.
Mask is also used intensively in Bali such as used in Barong performance.

In Java mask is worn in theatrical show called wayang topeng which performs plays like Panji stories, Mahabarata and Ramayana epics

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