About the Embassy |

Consular and Visa Services

| | | |
About the Embassy


Vision and Mission

Department & Contact Officials

Nusantara Hall

Embassy Library

Events and Activities

Indonesian Embassy Hollidays



Musical traditions are as diverse as the population, but the one musical expression best known and most widely associated with the country is probably the gamelan. A complete orchestra may consists of as many as eight instruments, the largest part comprising various types and sizes of metal percussion instruments.

Drums, a zither (celempung), a rebab two -stringed upright lute, a flute and often a few other instruments complete the ensemble. Although there are variations known within each, the gamelan orchestra is basically tuned to two systems, the old pentatonic, slendro and the younger seven-tone pelog, each producing, its own mood and having its own uses in the musical or the artical reportoire.

The creations of moods or "color " is further archived by the use of three principal modes (pathet) within each turning system. The most elaborates form of gamelan is that of Central Java (Yogyakarta and Surakarta). West java has its own gamelan ensemble, usually simpler than the Javanese with more stress on flute, drums and the bonang family of horizontally placed kettle gongs. But the most brilliant is that of Bali, where sets of "male" and "female" megalophones produce that beautiful timbre associated with the Balinese gamelan. In much more simple forms, the "gamelan" is also known in other islands of Indonesia, from the southern Sumatra to Sulawesi and Kalimantan.

Bamboo xylophones are used North Sulawesi and the bamboo "angklung" instruments of West Java are well known for their unique tinkling notes that can be adapted to any melody.